The bacterium Bacillius botulinum was identified by Prof. Emile Pierre van Ermengen in Belgium
Researcher Vernon Brooks, Md discovered that boutlinum toxin, when injected into a hyperactive muscle, induced a temporary reduction in the targeted muscleТs activity.
Allergan acquired the rights to distribute Botulium Toxin Type A.
Allergan received FDA approval to change the products name to BOTOX (Botulinum Toxin Type A)
Allergan received FDA approval to temporarily treat moderate to severe frown lines between the brows.
In July 2004, BOTOX was granted approval in the US to treat the symptoms of severe underarm sweating in people 18 years and older.
Botox is a FDA approved injectable that reduces muscle strength that causes wrinkles. Although FDA approval is for certain facial muscles, itТs often injected into areas that have other aesthetic concerns. Botox lasts about 3 month as per FDA labeling. Ancedotally, it can last longer, depending on the location of the muscle, how strong the muscle is, ans how often itТs given. Botox has been FDA approved since 2002.
How Many Botox Units Do You Need?
The Number of Botox Units Varies Depending On…
1. Location of injection
2. Gender (Female vs. Male)
3. Aesthetic Judgement – how much
facial expression you want to retain.
BOTOX VERSUS COMPETITORS
Basic Ingredient-Botulinum Toxin A
Injected by skilled professionals
Need more units to get the same result
Unknown at this time
Cost expense per unit
Period Needed to Take Effect
within 4 to 7 days,
and last up to 4 months
within 5 to 7 days,
and last 3 to 4 months
within 1 week,
lasts up to 12 weeks
More interesting facts:
$1,4 Billion in net sales from Botox in 2010 worldwide.
Xeomin is not well known because it was only FDA approved in July 2011.
The suggested ratio for Dysport to Botox equivalency has been 2.5-3.0 units of
Dysport for every 1 Botox unit, although there may be some individual variability.
Where Does Botox Fall on the 1-10 Pain Scale?
Hover Over Each Number to Learn How Botox Pain Compares
Hot Sand/Bare Feet
Hot Sand/Bare Feet
Admittedly subjective, non statistacally significant results are from patient opinions.
A Look at Botox Treatments
Botox is an FDA-approved injectable that can help reduce wrinkles. It is also used to treat excessive sweating, muscle contractions, and migraines.
When used as a cosmetic treatment, Botox can be used to lift and shape the brow, eliminate or soften forehead wrinkles and lines, crow’s feet, frown lines, dimpled chins, neck lines, drooping noses, fine lines around the lips, and bulging jaw muscles.
It is considered a very popular treatment, and many celebrities have undergone Botox treatments including Elizabeth Hurley, Kim Kardashian, Nicole Kidman, Cindy Crawford, Kim Cattrall and Kortney Thorne-Smith.
The History of Botox
Botox actually has a long and interesting history. It actually was developed from the toxin that produced a bacterium that caused botulism. It developed throughout the years to treat different conditions, and then as a cosmetic procedure.
1897 – Emile van Ermengem discovered that bacterium produced the botulin toxin.
1928 –Hermann Sommer and P. Tessmer Snipe purified the toxin.
1950s – The botulinum toxin was discovered to lessen muscle spasms.
1960s-70s – Botulinum toxin was studied as a treatment for crossed eyes.
1988-89 – Allergan begins research for other medical uses and introduces Botox as an FDA-approved treatment for eyelid spasms and crossed eyes.
2000 – Botox receives FDA approval for cervical dystonia to reduce the severity of neck pain and abnormal head position.
2002 – FDA approves the cosmetic version of Botox for frown lines between the brows
2004 – Botox is approved for several underarm sweating that does not respond to topical medication.
Botox treatments increased in popularity since its approval. In fact, in 2002, the first year Botox was approved to decrease frown lines, 1.8 million Botox injections were given. In 2010, approximately 2.4 million injections were performed.
The Botox Treatment
Botox treatments are fast and virtually pain-free. On a scale of 1 to 10, (with 1 being the lowest), Botox injections ranks a 3. On that same scale, a paper cut rates a 4. Most patients do not require anesthesia, however, the treatment area can be numbed using anesthetic cream or an ice pack.
Botox is administered through tiny injections of Botox into the treatment area, with the entire treatment taking about 10 minutes. The effects of the treatment can be seen within four to seven days and will last up to four months.
The number of injections required depends on the treatment area, gender, and aesthetic judgment as to how much facial expression the patient wishes to retain. The average number of injections for different treatment areas include:
Forehead Wrinkles – 10-20
Eyebrow Wrinkles – 2-5
Crow’s Feet – 5-10
Between the Eyebrows 5-20
With over 25 years of experience in the medical field, Dr. Berger has geared his practice towards the soothing and therapeutic side of cosmetic medicine. By specializing in anti-aging treatment along with cosmetic enhancement, his goal is to help each patient live a long, healthy, and beautiful life. Call us, or complete the form on this page.